Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2015, Page: 48-56
The Evaluation and Light, Abrasion Fastness Values of Colours Obtained from Some Dyeing Plants in Silk Yarn
Kayabaşı Nuran, School of Home Economics, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey
Şanlı H. Sinem, Art and Design Faculty, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
Söylemezoğlu Feryal, School of Home Economics, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey
Received: Oct. 3, 2014;       Accepted: Feb. 10, 2015;       Published: Feb. 28, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajac.20150302.13      View  2376      Downloads  118
Abstract
The silk yarn produced in Turkey finds also an area of usage in the textile handicraft carpet with some areas of textile. As the textile handicraft silk carpets painted with vegetable dyes are very valuable, they are prefered by consumers in the inner and outer markets. In this research; the silk yarn was painted with sage (Salvia sp.), safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.), walnut (Juglans regia L.), madder (Rubia tinctorium L.) and camomile (Anthemis tinctoria L.) plants. During the painting, the mordant and non-mordant method has been used. 100 % plant, and 3% mordant (sodium chloride, ferrosulphate, coppersulphate, alum of aluminium and potassium bichromate) was used during the painting. The mordant process was made with the pre-mordant method by using 3% mordant with a single mordant and adding two mordants in an equal ratio (1.5%+1.5%). 80 painting was made totally and different colours and tones depending on the plants feature was acquired. The acquired colours were examined light and abrasion fastnesses. The acquired colours were evaluated objectively and subjectively.
Keywords
Vegetable Dyeing, Silk Yarn, Sage, Safflower, Walnut, Madder, Camomile, Light Fastness, Abrasion Fastness, Objective Evaluation, Subjective Evaluation
To cite this article
Kayabaşı Nuran, Şanlı H. Sinem, Söylemezoğlu Feryal, The Evaluation and Light, Abrasion Fastness Values of Colours Obtained from Some Dyeing Plants in Silk Yarn, American Journal of Applied Chemistry. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2015, pp. 48-56. doi: 10.11648/j.ajac.20150302.13
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