Volume 4, Issue 5, October 2016, Page: 192-200
How Deposition Parameters Affect Phase Formation in Metals
Tahir Mehmood, The State Key Laboratory of Refractories and Metallurgy, Hubei Province Key Laboratory of Systems Science in Metallurgical Process, International Research Institute for Steel Technology, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, P. R. China
Aiman Mukhtar, The State Key Laboratory of Refractories and Metallurgy, Hubei Province Key Laboratory of Systems Science in Metallurgical Process, International Research Institute for Steel Technology, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, P. R. China
Babar Shahzad Khan, Department of Physics, Govt. College Women University, Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan
Wu Kaiming, The State Key Laboratory of Refractories and Metallurgy, Hubei Province Key Laboratory of Systems Science in Metallurgical Process, International Research Institute for Steel Technology, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, P. R. China
Received: Oct. 13, 2016;       Published: Oct. 13, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajac.20160405.16      View  3030      Downloads  72
Abstract
To understand the mechanism for formation of fcc-cobalt nanowires in electrodeposition, we have systematically studied the effect of deposition potential, pH, and deposition temperature on the formation of fcc Co nanowires by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The Co nanowires deposited at the potential of -1.6V are pure hcp phase. When increasing the value of potential to -2.0V, there are hcp Co and fcc Co crystals in the deposited nanowires. The fraction of fcc Co crystals in the nanowires increases with increasing the potential value. At -3.0V, the nanowires are pure fcc Co. The pH of the solution has little effect on formation of fcc Co nanowires. We have also seen that high concentration and low temperature favors fcc phase whereas low concentration and high temperature favors hcp phase. However, at 35°C the co-occurrence of hcp and fcc phases were also observed. These experimental results can be explained by the classical electrochemical nucleation theory. The formation of fcc Co crystals can be attributed to smaller critical clusters formed at a higher potential value since the smaller critical clusters favor formation of fcc nuclei.
Keywords
Nanostructure, Electrodeposition, Fcc Cobalt, Crystal Growth
To cite this article
Tahir Mehmood, Aiman Mukhtar, Babar Shahzad Khan, Wu Kaiming, How Deposition Parameters Affect Phase Formation in Metals, American Journal of Applied Chemistry. Vol. 4, No. 5, 2016, pp. 192-200. doi: 10.11648/j.ajac.20160405.16
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