Volume 7, Issue 6, December 2019, Page: 175-179
Physico-chemical and Concentration of Heavy Metals Analyses in Virgin and Used Lubricating Oils: A Spectroscopy Study
Boadu Kwasi Opoku, World Bank Africa Centre of Excellence, Institute of Petroleum Studies, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria; Department of Chemistry, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana; Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Joel Ogbonna Friday, World Bank Africa Centre of Excellence, Institute of Petroleum Studies, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria; Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Essumang David Kofi, Department of Chemistry, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana
Evbuomwan Benson Osa, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Received: Nov. 8, 2019;       Accepted: Nov. 25, 2019;       Published: Dec. 9, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajac.20190706.14      View  73      Downloads  42
Abstract
As a result of the changes that occur during their use, lubricating oils from automobiles tend to differ in terms of their physical and chemical composition from virgin and used lubricating oils. The analyses of the heavy metals distribution, contaminants and physicochemical parameters of the virgin and used lubricating oils will guide us to select the possible processes that can alter the oil composition. This research examines the heavy metals distribution, contaminants and physicochemical parameters of the virgin and used lubricating oils using Atomic Adsorption Spectrometer for 7 elements using various ASTM D methods. The results obtained shows that there were significant differences in the virgin and used lubricating oils. The deleterious effects of heavy metals, contaminants and physicochemical parameters on the environment have been known for a while. These contaminants not only causes environmental problems, they also have bio-accumulation effects on living organism, poisoning and fouling of catalyst as well as corrode processing equipment. This study also presents results showing us that contaminants, heavy metals and physicochemical parameters play a major role in discriminating of lubricating oil samples.
Keywords
Heavy Metals, Physicochemical, Oil Analysis, Contaminants, Lubricating Oils
To cite this article
Boadu Kwasi Opoku, Joel Ogbonna Friday, Essumang David Kofi, Evbuomwan Benson Osa, Physico-chemical and Concentration of Heavy Metals Analyses in Virgin and Used Lubricating Oils: A Spectroscopy Study, American Journal of Applied Chemistry. Vol. 7, No. 6, 2019, pp. 175-179. doi: 10.11648/j.ajac.20190706.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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