Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2020, Page: 94-99
Spatial 3d Direct Visualization of Atoms, Molecules and Chemical Bonds
Olexandr Kucherov, Institute of Structural Information Technology, Kyiv, Ukraine
Alexandr Rud, G. V. Kurdyumov Institute for Metal Physics of the N. A. S. of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Viktor Gubanov, Department of Experimental Physics, Faculty of Physics, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
Mykola Biliy, Department of Experimental Physics, Faculty of Physics, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
Received: Mar. 19, 2020;       Accepted: Apr. 2, 2020;       Published: Aug. 13, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajac.20200804.11      View  183      Downloads  67
The paper presents the further development of direct visualization of individual atoms, molecules with chemical bonds by spatial 3d electron cloud densitometry. Direct visualization of small objects studied by chemistry is made possible by the discovery of the plane wave amplitude deformation in accordance with the electron cloud density. Accordance with this affect, an atom begins to illuminate, depicting its own form! A quantum mechanical theory of the effect is given. As a result, it was possible to trace a chemical reaction with a change in the chemical bonds, geometry molecules, and distances between the atoms. The spatial 3d picoscope is used to show the structure of crystalline graphite formed by the sp2 chemical bonds of carbon atoms, and a system of weak π-bonds that connects the layers of graphite. This device confirmed the flat structure of single-layer graphene and allowed to detect a two-layer hexagonal diamond system that was previously un known. This material is proposed to designate gubanite. A scan be seen from the spatial 3d snapshot, as the graphene layers converge, the upper graphene π-electron clouds connect to the lower graphene π-electron clouds to form a two-layer diamond gubanite, the spatial 3d model of which is shown. It should lead to the appearance of visual chemistry.
Direct Image of Electron Clouds, Electron Cloud Densitometry, Graphene, Two-layered Diamond, Spatial 3d Picoscope, Visualization of Molecules, Visualization of Chemical Bonds, Visual Chemistry
To cite this article
Olexandr Kucherov, Alexandr Rud, Viktor Gubanov, Mykola Biliy, Spatial 3d Direct Visualization of Atoms, Molecules and Chemical Bonds, American Journal of Applied Chemistry. Vol. 8, No. 4, 2020, pp. 94-99. doi: 10.11648/j.ajac.20200804.11
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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